By R. D. Fulk
In A background of outdated English Meter, R. D. Fulk bargains a wide-ranging reference on Anglo-Saxon meter. Fulk examines the proof for chronological and nearby edition within the meter of previous English verse, learning such linguistic variables because the remedy of West Germanic parasite vowels, reduced in size vowels, and brief syllables less than secondary and tertiary tension, in addition to quite a few meant dialect positive aspects. Fulk's learn of such variables issues tips to a revised figuring out of the position of syllable size within the building of early Germanic meters and furnishes standards for distinguishing dialectal from poetic positive factors within the language of the key previous English poetic codices. in this foundation, it really is attainable to attract conclusions in regards to the possible dialect origins of a lot verse, to delineate the features of no less than 4 discrete sessions within the improvement of previous English meter, and with a few likelihood to assign to them a number of the longer poems, equivalent to Genesis A, Beowulf, and the works of Cynewulf.
A historical past of outdated English Meter can be of curiosity to students of Anglo-Saxon, historians of the English language, Germanic philologists, and historic linguists.
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Extra resources for A History of Old English Meter (Middle Ages Series)
Cf. Thomas ad – (noting echoes of Catullus and Callimachus in these lines). Agriculture and sailing are closely linked throughout the poem, especially in book : cf. . –, and cf. –. –). These two areas of development run in parallel in Lucretius’ account. –, the poet discusses farm tools and weapons together; this is followed by a passage dealing with military innovations, particularly the use of animals in warfare, and culminates in a nightmarish vision of half-tamed beasts running amok in the chaos of battle (–).
Gale (a), pp. –. For the mental sufferings of the plague victims, see esp. , –, –, –. As Commager points out, many of Lucretius’ additions to or apparent mistranslations of Thucydides serve to intensify this emphasis on the psychological: note especially cor maestum (‘sorrowful heart’, ), anxius angor (‘anguished anxiety’, ), timore (‘fear’, ), perturbatur animi mens in maerore metuque (‘the mind was troubled by sorrow and fear’, ), vitai nimium cupidos (‘too greedy for life’, ).
With further bibliography). Cf. (in the same sedes). R. ); other examples (Manil. , Col. , Tac. Hist. ) are later, and echo Virgil and/or Lucretius. –. ); Lucretius’ phrase hints at an etymological connexion between the name Ceres and the verb creare, ‘to create’. Cf. Ross (), p. for the suggestion that Virgil’s alma Ceres (‘kindly [lit. nourishing] Ceres’) contains a similar etymological play (alma glossing creare; cf. : alma ab alendo, Ceres a creando dicta [‘alma is derived from alo, to nourish, and Ceres from creare, to create’]); cf.