By Ross Mouer, Hirosuke Kawanishi
This entire, introductory review of the "world of labor" in Japan remembers post-war Japan to investigate the improvement of business kinfolk and the japanese form of administration. It considers the adjustments that came about within the early nineties whilst disillusionment set in and unemployment and financial lack of confidence turned proof of existence. The authors problem the preeminence of jap administration practices that have ruled the literature over the past 3 a long time.
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Additional info for A Sociology of Work in Japan (Contemporary Japanese Society)
The success of the Plan demonstrated a simple truth in the work of Rostow (1959) and others writing about economic development: ongoing capital accumulation is a sine qua non for economic growth. They argued that societies progressed through a series of stages with the rate of savings increasing to a critical level where economies “took off,” and then to even higher levels in periods of very high growth, before dropping back to levels necessary to sustain high productivity. Continuing to present this simple truth, writers on the advanced economies over the past few decades have come to recognize that surplus for capital formation is a necessary but not always sufficient condition for growth to occur.
Doubt since the 1990s about whether Japan’s financial institutions will perform well in this regard has caused many of Japan’s most dynamic enterprises to push for labor market deregulation. The demand for freedom to maneuver their labor force more flexibly focuses attention on how the Japanese state will balance efforts to generate economic surplus with the need to provide economic security to citizens at work. While some writers have indicated that work organization will have to change fundamentally in more globalized economies (Rifkin 1996; Lipietz 1997), some such as Kumazawa (1996 and 1997) have noted that this transition is already producing in Japan various mechanisms to squeeze labor further.
Here two are considered: efficiency and the freedom to choose. 1 Efficiency The first criterion is whether one system of production is more efficient than another. The focus on efficiency is largely about the ability of systems to export and to generate balance-of-payments surpluses. That ability was mentioned above as a major reason why national systems of industrial relations become widely accepted as models for other societies. The importance of this criterion will be enhanced by moves to more open trade through the World Trade Organization (WTO).