By Donald Russell, John Dillon, Sebastian Gertz
50 years earlier than Philoponus, Christians from Gaza, trying to impact Alexandrian Christians, defended the Christian trust in resurrection and the finite length of the realm, and attacked rival Neoplatonist perspectives. Aeneas addresses an strange model of the meals chain argument opposed to resurrection, that bodies gets eaten by way of different creatures. Zacharias assaults the Platonist examples of synchronous construction, which have been the construction of sunshine, of shadow, and of a footprint within the sand. a fraction survives of a 3rd Gazan contribution via Procopius. Zacharias lampoons the Neoplatonist professor in Alexandria, Ammonius, and claims a number one position within the insurrection which resulted in the cleverest Neoplatonist, Damascius, fleeing to Athens. It used to be merely Philoponus, notwithstanding, who was once capable of embarrass the Neoplatonists via arguing opposed to them on their lonesome terms.
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Additional resources for Aeneas of Gaza : Theophrastus with Zacharias of Mytilene, Ammonius
My question is, then: has the soul lived before in this world and will it live again, or, having lived its present life, is it released from the state of affairs here? 10 15 20 TH. It has lived before and will continue to live. For this is the very thing that the wise men of old wish me to teach. 5,1 EU. Do you mean that the same soul oftentimes comes down into this life? 5 TH. Well, I do – at least, unless you have some wiser solution to reveal. EU. 12 TH. 14 Since it is wearisome for the soul to follow along with the Creator and for it to journey round the whole universe 10 14 15 6,1 5 10 15 7,1 5 10 Aeneas of Gaza: Theophrastus on high with God, and to be ordered and ruled by him, for this reason, he says, the soul is carried downward by the desire for repose and the hope of sovereignty.
For nothing imposed by force is a very good lesson nor is anything which comes about by necessity a suitable subject for commendation. How would man be better off: if he were a stone carried about wherever the mason wished,82 rather than if he produced a note from himself, which the Creator then arranges beautifully in accordance with the harmony of the universe? TH. But I am astonished that, through his hatred of the evil of the worse kind of person, he does not along with it abolish the free power of the better sort.
4. Aeneas’ use of Plotinus and knowledge of the later Platonist tradition Aeneas’ use of Plotinus is of a different order to his use of Plato, being of a much more ‘businesslike’ nature. Despite his radically different philosophical position, he is happy to borrow extensively from a number of treatises of Plotinus to support his points. Introduction 7 His first source of borrowing in Enn. 8, a treatise in which Plotinus is raising the question as to why the soul descends into human bodies. Aeneas has no sympathy with the concept of the descent of a pre-existent soul, but he finds Plotinus’ survey of prePlatonic and Platonic attitudes on the nature of the world useful for his purposes.