Download Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965 by John S. Gilkeson PDF

By John S. Gilkeson

ISBN-10: 0511779550

ISBN-13: 9780511779558

This booklet examines the intersection of cultural anthropology and American cultural nationalism from 1886, while Franz Boas left Germany for the us, until eventually 1965, whilst the nationwide Endowment for the arts was once demonstrated. 5 chapters hint the improvement inside educational anthropology of the options of tradition, social classification, nationwide personality, price, and civilization, and their dissemination to non-anthropologists. As american citizens got here to think about tradition anthropologically, as a "complex entire" a long way broader and extra inclusive than Matthew Arnold's "the top which has been notion and said," so, too, did they arrive to work out American groups as stratified into social periods exclusive by means of their subcultures; to characteristic the making of the yankee personality to socialization instead of beginning; to find the uniqueness of yank tradition in its subconscious canons of selection; and to view American tradition and civilization in a world standpoint.

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Example text

Kroeber, Anthropology (New York: Harcourt, 1923), 1–10. ’’82 Sociologists’ appropriation of anthropological material was hardly surprising. They were frequently colleagues of anthropologists in joint departments or taught courses in anthropology offered at schools without anthropologists, and their journals published articles written by anthropologists. Moreover, many of them had been influenced by Boas’s critique of the racial formalism. In 1906, Charles A.

Boas summarized his findings in ‘‘Changes in Bodily Form of Descendants of Immigrants,’’ American Anthropologist 14 (1912): 530–562; reprinted in Boas, Race, Language, and Culture, 60–75. Culture in the American Grain 33 ‘‘as though an intelligent Indian was going to develop the forms of his own thought by an analysis of his form of speech’’ – rather than in terms of IndoEuropean linguistic categories. He also urged anthropologists to study linguistics for the light it would throw on the mysteries of culture.

For America, as a new nation, required a ‘‘distinctive identity’’ of its own. ’’ From Thomas Jefferson and Albert Gallatin on, learned amateurs collected Native American artifacts, speculated about the origins of Indian languages, and investigated the mounds of the eastern United States and the Pueblo ruins of the Southwest. Early centers of anthropological activity included the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, the American Antiquarian Society in Worcester, and the American Ethnological Society in New York.

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