By Robert A Heinaman
Книга Aristotle And ethical Realism Aristotle And ethical Realism Книги Психология, философия Автор: Robert A Heinaman Год издания: 1998 Формат: pdf Издат.:Westview Press Страниц: 248 Размер: 21,5 Mb ISBN: 0813391040 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:The query of ethical realism—whether our moral ideals leisure on a few goal foundation—is one who mattered as a lot to Aristotle because it does to us at the present time, and his writings in this subject proceed to supply suggestion for the modern debate. This quantity of essays expands the fruitful dialog between students of historical philosophy and modern moral theorists in this query and similar matters similar to the virtues, justice, and Aristotle’s thought of tragedy.The exceptional members to this quantity increase and make clear either Aristotle’s perspectives and the modern debates. This ebook makes a tremendous contribution to either subject matters, and it'll be crucial examining for all philosophers and classicists with an curiosity in ethical philosophy and Greek ethics.
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Why, then, does Williams think that courage and temperance are odd men out? Well, \ think he has spotted a contrast between them and the other virtues, but f do not think he has characterized it in the right way. " What is this contrast? Suppose we said this: Aristotle's virtues, apart from courage and temperance, are distinguishable or separable by reference to the end or good for the sake of which the V agent characteristically acts when she does what is V; an end that, unlike the common end of to kalon or eupraxia, really does distinguish them, but which, unlike "doing a liberal action" or "doing the action-of-afriend", somehow does not make them over-distinct.
But the virtue of justice is not satisfied with a situation in which by luck we are born furnished with goods or noble titles; or in which we benefit, thanks to the wealth or culture of our family, from an education which renders us capable of exercis3. This is what is explicitly asserted in 1130a33: the relation to others belongs to the generic definition, of justice; justice is therefore a univocal term, synonymos. This conclusively removes the suspicion of hidden homonymy, which had been introduced in 1129a27.
23 THE VIRTUOUS AGENT'S REASONS The virtuous agent's reasons: a reply to Bernard Williams ROSALIND HURSTHOUSE According to Williams, Aristotle's claim, in Nicotnachean ethics 11,4, that "The virtuous agent chooses virtuous actions 'for their own sake'" should be taken as meaning different things, according to which virtues are in question. If it is any virtue but justice, temperance1 or courage, choosing the act for its own sake means choosing it for at least one of a certain type or range of reasons, X, "where the type X is tied (both positively and negatively) to the virtue in question", but is not "the same notion" (p.