By William W. Fortenbaugh
This quantity specializes in Aristotle’s functional philosophy. His research of emotional reaction takes satisfaction of position. it's through dialogue of his ethical psychology: the department of the human soul into emotional and deliberative parts.
Moral advantage is studied with regards to emotion, and animals are proven to lack either emotion and advantage. other kinds of friendship are analyzed, and the consequences of vehemence, i.e., temperament are given distinct consciousness. Aristotle’s justification for assigning usual slaves and girls subordinate roles gets specified attention. a similar is correct of his research of right and fallacious constitutions. ultimately, persuasion is taken up from a number of angles together with Aristotle’s emphasis at the presentation of personality and his curious dismissal of supply in speech.
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Extra info for Aristotle's Practical Side: On His Psychology, Ethics, Politics And Rhetoric (Philosophia Antiqua)
107–130. 56 On involuntary disease as a misfortune, see Gorgias, Helen 19, discussed above, this section. 57 The concern of the Timaeus with bodily drives or directed dispositions such as hunger, thirst, and sexual desire may be thought to reﬂect the physiological interests of the dialogue. Directed dispositions may be assigned to the πι υμητικ ν and in a dialogue like the Timaeus such an assignation is not surprising. But it would be a mistake to think that such directed dispositions constitute the entirety of the πι υμητικ ν.
It deserves treatment and not censure (86C3–E3). In the Timaeus hunger and thirst and sexual desire are not treated as emotions. They are depicted as bodily drives or directed dispositions that are not on a par with emotions such as anger and fear. There is merit in this analysis. The behavior of a hungry man is quite diﬀerent from the behavior of an angry man. We respond to the former by meeting his need; we respond to the latter with reasoned argument. We give a hungry man food to calm his stomach and to alleviate painful sensations.
Aristotle’s analysis of emotion and in particular of the essential involvement of cognition in emotional response is an important contribution to philosophical psychology. It is also important for rhetorical and ethical theory because it makes clear that emotions are not blind impulses. When a man responds emotionally, he is not the victim of some automatic reﬂex. On the contrary, he is acting according to his judgment. When a man becomes angry, he takes revenge because he thinks himself insulted.