Download ATMOSPHERIC THERMODYNAMICS - Elementary Physics and by Christopher J. Foot PDF

By Christopher J. Foot

ISBN-10: 0198506953

ISBN-13: 9780198506959

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Extra resources for ATMOSPHERIC THERMODYNAMICS - Elementary Physics and Chemistry

Example text

No kinetic energy is lost in the collision: vafter = −vbefore ). How long does the round trip take? 1 Ideal gas basics Gases are a form of matter in which the individual molecules are free to move independently of one another except for occasional collisions. Most of the time the individual molecules are in free flight out of the range of influence of their neighbors. Gases differ from liquids and solids in that the force between neighbors (on the average over time) is very weak, since the intermolecular force is of short range compared to the typical intermolecular distances for the individual gas molecules.

Note that this differs from the rms speed (485 m s−1 ), since we are only considering one of the three components of velocity. which is called the normal distribution. The normal (sometimes called the Gaussian) distribution occurs often in nature. It generally comes about when the variable is subjected to a long history of random jolts that add up to its current value. After a long time (many additive increments to the value of the variable) its probability distribution approaches the normal distribution.

Does the presence of salt dissolved in the liquid affect the vapor pressure? Does the size of a droplet affect its vapor pressure? Dynamics of air parcels How can we tell whether a given environmental temperature profile (function of altitude) leads to stable conditions or unstable ones (does the air start to turn over spontaneously)? What is the role of moisture and cloud formation in this process? ). Does this mean they are denser and they might return? What are the conditions for continued rising?

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