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By Elżbieta Polek

ISBN-10: 9036733065

ISBN-13: 9789036733069

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Extra info for Attachment in cultural context differences in attachment between Eastern and Western Europeans and the role of attachment styles in Eastern European migrants' adjustment

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Previous research has shown, for example, that attachment is a better predictor of emigrants’ adjustment than the Big Five personality traits (Bakker, Van Oudenhoven, & Van der Zee, 2004) and demographic variables (Polek, Van Oudenhoven, & Ten Berge, 2007). Accordingly, the first goal of the present study is to investigate, if attachment styles of emigrants differ from attachment styles of their non-emigrant fellow nationals. In addition, we tested if these differences, should they exist, may be assumed to exist prior to emigration (as predispositions for emigration), or rather emerge after emigration (as a result of emigration), induced by contact with the host culture, or, alternatively, by the mere fact of emigrating.

The absence of an effect of the host culture on attachment styles of emigrants would support our assumption 1. , 2005). Therefore, we suppose that secure attachment is a predictor of psychological well-being for both emigrants and non-emigrants. However, since emigrants are exposed to “unfamiliar others” and new situations far more than non-emigrants, we expect that secure attachment is a better predictor of psychological well-being for emigrants than for nonemigrants [Hypothesis 3]. We do not expect that dismissing attachment is a relevant predictor of psychological well-being, for either emigrants or native respondents.

Due to the cross-sectional design of the present study, causal relationship between variables may not be inferred. Future studies incorporating a longitudinal design should clarify the causal relationship between attachment and psychological and sociocultural adjustment. Another ATTACHMENT AND ADJUSTMENT OF IMMIGRANTS 48 limitation of the study was the sampling procedure; data were collected from members of immigrants’ organizations, thus immigrants detached from their culture of origin might be under-represented.

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